The occurrences of violations of democracy by the rich does not show the weakness of the state as a whole only the weaknesses of individuals in certain instances and the inevitability of those with wealth having certain advantages over others — these should not be seen as any substantial drawback to the ideals of meritocracy in the Athenian state. The Athenian Constitution largely justifies describing Athens as a meritocracy. It allowed for legal and political rights to become universal for all Athenian citizens where each man was considered justly under the eyes of the polis. Athenian Democracy was not perfect.
Like all systems there were areas which were vulnerable to corruption and which were arguably harmful to a healthy state. There undoubtedly was a selection of the wealthy elite who would often use their wealth for self-aggrandisement rather than supporting the state — but this has to be expected in all societies.
On the whole, the Democracy of Athens was largely egalitarian in political and legal matters where those who were citizens were treated with the same eyes. The wealthy in society were, to a large extent, prohibited from using their wealth to defile the workings of the state. The times in which the wealthy were able to exert a certain level of power were inevitable blowbacks to a society where there was a competition for money and a competition for power.
The power that the wealthy had and used was not enough to taint a relatively sophisticated political system and where corruptions of that system occurred, personal power-grabbing was often shrouded in popular support and the use of wealth for personal gain was seen as an inevitable circumstance of self-preservation. Sinclair, R. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please:.
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Pericles’s Speech: A Speech About Patriotism That Fueled Athenian Democracy
Copy to Clipboard Reference Copied to Clipboard. Athenian Democracy and Meritocracy [Internet]. Related Services View all. Sparta viewed the Peloponnesian League as an instrument for defense rather than aggression. Finally, in B. In response to the first to have died in this new war, to be called later the Peloponnesian War, Pericles is chosen to speak on behalf of the fallen soldiers.
A formal ceremony held solemnly by the Athenians during every war, the act of such a burial ceremony demonstrates that such rituals are established by institution and tradition, rather than a religious obligation. It is more the case of our being a model of others. The words of Pericles clearly show the praise for Athenian democracy and its superiority to others as a model. He goes on to talk about Athenian lifestyle and recreation, as to further position Athens as the height of civilization.
Athenian Democracy and Pericles
In the next section of his speech, Pericles goes on to talk about Sparta, in many different topics, from military stratagem, to education of the youth, and even on the basis of courage. However, in reality, the smaller poleis did not favor Athenian imperialism, as they felt Athens was just using them for profit which they were.
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New England Essays. The Greek equivalent to a Persepolis is a polis which is mentioned in a couple questions farther down the list. A polish is basically a city state, kind of like Athens and Spartans. Why is Zoroastrianism considered to be one of the great belief systems of the ancient world? It is considered to be one of the greatest religious in the ancient world because it was one of the first that was monotheistic religions.
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By influencing such modern day democracies, ancient Greek culture remains a presence in contemporary life. Introduction Approximately years ago a series of changes and reformations in political thought led to the creation of the ancient Athenian democracy. Through the changes implemented by Solon and Cleisthenes during the Golden Age of Greece, democracy was born in Athens.
Although it was. Thucydides, one of the greatest historians ever, chronicled decades of war and tension between Athens and Sparta and, in doing so, became a pioneer in the subject of history. His "History of the Peloponnesian War" set a standard for scope, concision and accuracy that makes it a defining text of the historical genre.
He depicted the strengths and weaknesses of democracy skillfully, writing objectively and with great insight. When explaining the events and outcome of the war, he took into consideration. Pursuing Democracy: An Analysis of the Development of American Government The passing of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, marks the beginning of of the United States of America, but the ideas that influenced the development of American government have roots extending to the dawn of civilization.
As long as humans have lived in community, the desire to keep order has spawned many experiments in finding an effective system of government. Examination of the development of American. Development of Democracy in Athens Democracy comes from two Greek words: a noun demos which means, "people" and a verb, kratein, which means "to rule" Ober Democracy first appeared in Athens towards the beginning of the fifth century B.
The biggest difference between Athenian democracy and almost all other democracies is that the Athenian version was a direct democracy rather than being representative. Democracy came about in Athens as a result of the growing navel power and the reforms made by leaders such as Cleisthenes and Pericles. The city-state of Athens, 5th century Athens to be precise, is the inventor and first practitioner of democracy. So for 4, years men and women lived under forms of government other than …show more content….
The laws for Athens began with Solon, but perhaps the most influential leader for democracy in Athens was Cleisthenes.