The moral question we are faced with is the unimplanted human embryo a human being or just a cell. They are those in the religious community that have moral belief that the embryo is a human being and by destroying the embryos in research is the equivalent of killing a child. The notion that by destroying an embryo during research is the equivalent to killing a child is a ridiculous conclusion.
We can compare the embryo to the skin cells that are alive on our bodies. When we shed these skin cells everyday during showers are we killing millions of potentially children by taking a shower. The belief that an embryo in such an early stage of development is considered a human being with out being implanted in the uterus does not pose a very strong argument in my opinion. The fact that this cell is never going to materialize into a human being and will never grow outside of an etri dish is enough evidence to allow stem cell research to continue.
The claim an embryo outside of the uterus is a human is up for serious debate between those for and against stem cell research. Our beliefs may be deeply rooted in religion and our religion determines how we view stem cell research. Some may compare destroying an embryo to killing a child because of their religious beliefs. We all have our beliefs, that belief may be for stem cell research to further science or to limit stem cell research due to our religious convictions.
We must put aside our religious convictions in order to further science research into finding cures for debilitating diseases. In order to further any science research we must sacrifice someone or something to reach our goal. We could have not found cures to diseases or create vaccines without having subjects to test these theories on. The fact that an embryo is used in these research procedures has made such a political and moral controversy a hot topic is no surprise.
We have debated this issue because it is claimed that the embryo is morally equivalent to a person, a fully developed human being.
There are some that believe a human embryo is a human being just like you and me, and it deserves the same respect that our laws give to all of us. Some base their belief on religious convictions that the soul enters the body at the moment of conception. While others defend there belief without religion by reasoning that human beings are not things. I agree that we are not things to be used for research and not considered to be humans, but in the same sense a cell is not a human until it grows in to a viable human being.
The real question here is do we consider a cell to be a viable at such an early stage in development our religious beliefs may teach us a cell gets a soul upon conception. The idea that at the moment of conception the soul enters the body does not make the cell a viable human being and therefore this cell should not be considered to be a human being.
The use of the stem cells to reproduce organ tissue and replenish cells has shown great promise for eliminating diseases for mankind. The possibilities of stem cell therapy are endless from cloning to reproducing spinal cord tissue. The use of stem cells to replicate human tissue and organs will help to prolong lives of human beings and possible slow down the aging process by replacing our cells. The cons of stem cell research are the use of stem cells and the ethical issues associated with using embryos to harvest cells for research. Another disadvantage of stem cell research is the idea that we as humans are on the verge of playing God by creating life.
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There are also issues with the stem cells having mutating and causing more harm than good. The research has shown possibility of the cells being cancerous in some cases and not growing into the desired organs.
The destruction of life is most distinct disadvantage associated with stem cell research. The positive outcomes of stem cell research are endless possibilities of curing a wide range of diseases processes and prolonging human life.
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The use of stem cells has been proven to replenish muscle and organ tissue in humans. Other patients have had success in replacing heart tissue from heart attacks and cancer patients now live symptom free from cancer. The negative aspect of stem cell research has been linked to how the cells are obtained and the morals issues surrounding them.
Another negative outcome of the research is the cells often grow out of control into tumors and immune system sometimes rejects the cells. The use of the embryo to harvest the stem cells poses the most negative outcome of all with the belief that the embryos are human being and harvesting the cells destroys the cell therefore killing a human being. The protection of the embryo from being destroyed for the advancement of science will ultimately put humanity at a loss by protecting a cell from destruction.
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The destruction of that same cell has the possibility of curing diseases and prolonging humanity for generations. A Kuflik Journal of Medical Ethics, 34 6 , Retrieved November 18, , from Research Library database. Document ID: Clinical trials in stem cell transplantation: guidelines for scientific and ethical review.
Clinical Trials, 5 5 , Britain: Playing God; Religion and politics. The Economist, , Guido de Wert, Christine Mummery. Human embryonic stem cells: research, ethics and policy. Human Reproduction, 18 4 , Ida M Jones Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 10 1 , Insoo Hyun The Hastings Center Report, 38 1 , R DiSilvestro A qualified endorsement of embryonic stem cell research, based on two widely shared beliefs about the brain-diseased patients such research might benefit.
Journal of Medical Ethics, 34 7 , Robert Streiffer Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 15 4 , S Camporesi Reproductive cloning in humans and therapeutic cloning in primates: is the ethical debate catching up with the recent scientific advances?
Journal of Medical Ethics, 34 9 , Retrieved November 14, In the modern world there have been many diseases, illnesses and epidemics that have been avoided due to the development of technology. One of the most recent successful developments have involved the research into stem cells. Stem cells are cells which can specialize into many different types of cells, they are known as totipotent cells.
Scientists have found that it is possible to harvest organs, such as, livers, hearts, and lungs. Some people may see this is a good thing as it could help many unfortunate people who have genuine diseases. But many people have raised ethical concerns about the research procedure involved. This process is known as nuclear transfer.
Introduction: Stem Cells | New Scientist
The cloning was successful but some people say she died at an early age because she was cloned, whilst others argue that she died because she was affected by the retrovirus JSRV. This is very common in sheep and causes many of them to die. Many people believe that embryos are human beings that also have rights and do not deserve to be killed or employed for medical reasons. Some people also argue that people may go too far with cloning, which may result in evil doings.
It is understandable why some people are afraid that along with a lot of help there may be risks of corruption. People may use the advances in stem cells to clone armies. Religions play a huge part in stem cell research.
Most of them believe that killing or using an embryo is wrong because it means that a life is being taken. This law was introduced in and was known as the Human Fertilization and Embryology Act This is known as the final abortion date; you can not have an abortion after the 24th week. This is roughly half the life of the baby in the womb of the mother. Although people argue that there are bad sides to stem cells research, there are many people who believe that the benefits outweigh the detriments.
At the moment diabetes is a huge problem in England. Diabetes is associated with obesity, which is a current problem that could soon lead to a global epidemic. Obese people can now have the chance to fight diabetes with advances in stem cells research.
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This agrees with the idea that people who suffer from fatal diseases have the chance to live a healthy and normal life. As for the people who believe that embryos have the right to live and that we should not use them for research into preventing diseases, I believe this is a matter of preferences.
This is totally inhumane and is a crime against humanity. I personally think that millions of humans have a higher priority than that of a few cells. We should consider this matter logically and ethically. Therefore, in conclusion, I believe that stem cell research should be carried out, but the security precautions that are to be implemented, should be handled appropriately and also the governments of the world should not allow the research to fall in the wrong hands.
If scientists continue to research the uses of stem cells, it could prove to improve life for all human beings. However, the end result of researching stem cells could be beneficial or detrimental to our society. While research on cord and adult stem cells could show to improve life for those who are in medical need, embryonic stem cell research requires a life to be taken so therefore should not be supported.